Petitions to Remove the Conditions
of Residence (I-751)
What is Form I-751
A conditional Green Card expires after two years and at that time. The holder of the conditional Green Card has to file a petition to remove conditions on his/her Green Card within 90 days of its expiration.
Who has to remove the conditions on their Green Card?
The spouse who has a conditional Green Card has to file to remove the conditions on his or her permanent resident card within 90 days of that card’s expiration.
Typically the couple files jointly. However, there are circumstances where USCIS will waive joint filing and allow the spouse to file for a permanent Green Card on his/her own. This is especially true if the spouse can show that he/she experienced undue hardship or suffered abuse during the relationship.
What are the Eligibility Criteria (Marriage-based I-751)?
- You are still married to the same U.S. citizen or permanent resident after 2 years (your children may be included in your application if they received their conditional resident status at the same time that you did or within 90 days);
- You are a child and cannot be included in the application of your parents for a valid reason;
- You are a widow or widower of a marriage that was entered into in good faith;
- You entered into a marriage in good faith, but the marriage was ended through divorce or annulment (Waiver Petitions to remove the conditions of residence based on divorce (I-751)
- You entered into a marriage in good faith, but either you or your child were battered or subjected to extreme hardship by your U.S. citizen or permanent resident spouse;
- The termination of your conditional immigrant resident status would cause extreme hardship to you.
Removing Conditions on Permanent Residency for Investors
- Detailed information regarding the status of the project
- Documentation related to the commercial enterprise
- Documentation that demonstrates the petitioner’s investments and flow of funds
- Documentation showing that the petitioner has maintained their investment
- Documentation of job creation
What if I am Late in Filing to Remove the Conditions on Residence?
Removal of Conditions must be timely filed. If you fail to timely file your petition to remove the conditions or appear for interview, your immigration status may be terminated. However, USCIS may waive the untimely filing for “good cause and extenuating circumstances.”
Is a Personal Interview of the Joint Petitioners Required?
You and your spouse must appear for a personal interview at the district office that serves that area where you live. However, the director of the regional service center where you file your petition has the discretion to waive the interview requirement. The director will review the petition to determine whether an interview is required.
If the director is satisfied based on the written petition that your marriage was not entered into in order to obtain immigration benefits, he or she may waive the interview requirement and approve the petition. If the director is not satisfied of the validity of your marriage based on the petition, he or she will forward the petition to the district office to conduct an interview.
What if my Petition to Remove the Condition on Residence is Denied?
If you file the I-751 and USCIS denies your petition, you will be placed in removal proceedings, and there is no appeal of a denied petition. An immigration judge, does however, have review jurisdiction over the denied petition. Avoiding denial or placement in deportation proceedings is best achieved by hiring an experienced immigration attorney in Miami to assist you along the way.
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